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AGRICULTURAL CHOICES AND RELATIONSHIPS WITH THE GEOLOGY OF OUR TERRITORIES

Fattoria la Maliosa is located between the basins of the Fiora and Albegna Rivers (province of Grosseto, Tuscany) and has highly diverse origins: it’s located in a typically hilly area with important morphological diversity including the stratification that composes it. In addition, the geological history of our territory developed over a very long period of time between 10 million and 10,000 years ago, that is, between the Lower Miocene to Upper Pleistocene Epochs.

The whole area is the result of significant waterway flooding. The crucial training element is the large marine-type sedimentary basin where the highest hills are the backbone and the surrounding areas, the deep-sea shallows.

15832492721_d38fd99a91_o Continue reading…

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AGRICULTURE IN THE MAREMMAN HILLS, VALUES AND PERSPECTIVES

The Maremman hills have, thanks to their history, one of the greatest harmonies between rural life and the environment, making it one of the most original landscapes in Italy. Alongside areas where the agricultural intervention is quite obvious, there are others where the spaces are mostly dominated by forests, scrublands and grassland. This scene is accompanied by the very occasional farm or homestead, producing what is a true rarity in the context of the Italian countryside.

Farming has always been practised here, but especially in the last two or three decades, it has undergone a major change with many farmers inflicting a disharmonious mechanization on a territory that is so fragile. This fragility is the result of dissonant interventions that have been repeated deeply with increasingly powerful equipment, gradually exposing the soil to severe degradation, which has then been accentuated by an intense rainfall that is also responsible for dramatic erosion.

erosioni importanti in Maremma collinare Continue reading…

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2014 at Maliosa, as I remember it

Wine, between extraordinary and unique specificity, has the measure of time, that which flows or flows away and that which remains witness to the past. It’s for this reason that we try, now that the wine is racked, to retrace the 2014 season at Maliosa with the help of metrological data provided by the Terme di Saturnia Spa.

la grande quercia Continue reading…

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Reconnecting the vines to the forest

I’ve always enjoyed the forms of the  hills,  they enabled me  look at  various  horizons,  perhaps it is a necessity derived from a  childhood  spent in these places.But  when I was in the plains I struggled to orientate myself  and just  by observing the path of the river  I could envisage spaces that were hidden  from view , and then eventually  with time even the plains became more ‘ spectacular ‘ but only occasionally. The need to reach a summit has been a constant desire for me , and so when I arrived    to Maliosa and reached   Montecavallo  I could enjoy the spectacular views  ranging from the  Tyrrhenian Sea ,the  Maremma , Saturnia, Amiata and Viterbo.

1425 foschia che sale

I do not know how many times I came back to the summit and the snapshots that I took , almost all the same and yet  so different . The  farmland  scenes  more attractive to me, were  the wooded areas   of dissimilar designs that  cover a large part of the territory.

This scene also led me to think about the forest in its primordial origin. The first land plants appeared about four hundred  million years ago and their colonisation of the territories has continued  producing more complex biological systems inside them. Since his  emergence, man has always intervened to limit the plants, preventing them from taking over “his” agricultural land. The agriculture that we observe is still the result of the competition between  man and the trees, our  whole history illustrates  this union, the forest is quintessential nature and the base of the preparatory ecosystem to cultivate. The vine is a liana which once shared a space in the forest attached to other trees. Some examples of ”Vitis silvestris” attached to  trees are occasionally present in the Maremma especially near streams and also at La Maliosa, there are these ancient relics .

Man has ‘ brought ‘ out of the wood these  vines, selecting  within the genus Vitis ,and  above all was  concerned about  good and abundant fruit ; these “Tutor trees” have been replaced by structures with the same  purpose of supporting the behavioural growth  of liana.

The vine begins  a long phase  of shaping  and pruning ( the vine  does  not heal its  wounds , it was not designed to receive cuts ) that limits its viability to few decades .

In most viticultures ,non communicating rectilinear rows are realised and plants are  trained along supports : often the rows are realised  according to the maximum slope of the terrain.

At Maliosa new vineyards are being implemented on three separate areas distinguished by  geology and topography.

appezzamento per i nuovi vitigni

This choice is aimed at enhancing the scenic beauty , to valorise  the historic vines, and to protect  the value of the land, the harmony of plant architecture that maximises the physiology of the plant for best results. It is also an attempt to get closer to the bordering forest and re-establish a dialogue and an  awareness that the forest is the matrix of agriculture.

Lorenzo Corino

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Biodynamic agriculture explained to children

Fattoria La Maliosa, close to Manciano (Grosseto, Italy), is a farm where we work following the Biodynamic Agriculture’s rules.  It’s a natural agriculture, even stricter than organic agriculture, and the most important thing is nature.
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Vitigno
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We don’t inherit the earth

Every time I hear someone speak poetically or idyllically about wine and farming, I smile.
My smile is one that stems from bitterness and grows from a knowledge that has developed over the seven years that I have been engaged in an investment that sees me invested on every front.
As for the idealized image of the farmer who tastes wine in his homestead overlooking the rolling hills, I am always skeptically puzzled. Of course, there are farmers who have inherited their land and maybe also have a homestead and maybe they’re not really farmers, but the old families of great companies and huge agricultural estates.

In the Maremma, many small owners inherited land from their parents, but these same parents were sharecroppers, who received the land from Ente Maremma after the war. I think it was a good decision that among other things protected the aesthetic and natural value of the territory, which was not abandoned like so many other places in Italy.
But the reality is that this land has never been enough to live on. To appease the hunger, yes, to have a roof overhead, yes, but never enough to pay the bills, taxes and children’s education. After all that, the farmer must still work for others. 

I became a ‘farmer’ seven years ago, when La Maliosa was born. I am a farmer who lives in Milan, who doesn’t hoe the ground. I am an entrepreneur, but I’m not any less of a farmer.
Because if this soil, after being abandoned for decades, is reborn, is alive and continues to prosper, providing wonderful products with a gratitude that surprises every day, it’s the fruit of my labor and my initiative. I know that might sound pigheaded, but anyone who knows me knows that I am proud to have returned to the surrounding territory a healthy and wholesome ecosystem, thanks to my decision to use biodynamic farming. But what is the key to living off land you haven’t inherited?

The soil must produce riches for those who own it, those who work on it and everyone in the surrounding territory, otherwise it will remain a dream and like all dreams, end with a very rude awakening.
The company will need to increase production, create new services and the team will need to grow together.
La Maliosa has taken up a challenge and wants to beat it. If we succeed, everyone wins.

Antonella Manuli

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The choice of biodynamic certification

Since its very first day, Fattoria La Maliosa has made the choice of biodynamic agriculture as the method of farming its grounds, chosen for their position in an unspoiled environment, with vast  woodlands, rich in natural biodiversity. We wanted to associate to these gifts of nature the authentic tastes and flavors of our territory, to obtain products with highest organoleptic qualities, mirror of the native varieties found in the ancient vineyard and in the historical olive groves.
Continue reading…

Vigna - coltivazione biodinamica
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